Focus on Load Securement During International Roadcheck
The Commercial Vehicle Safety Administration (CVSA) will be conducting the 2017 International Roadcheck during June 6-8, 2017. The CVSA has announced that the special focus of the 2017 International Roadcheck will be cargo securement. Inspectors will be taking extra care to make sure that all cargo and equipment are properly secured according to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) regulations. Here are the most frequent load securement violations according to the CVSA:
1. Failure to prevent shifting/loss of loadAll cargo must be immobilized or secured to prevent shifting. This not only helps keep the cargo safe from damage, but can also minimize the chance of injury or collision. Shifting loads can cause the trailer to become unbalanced, making it difficult to control. A load shift can also result in cargo falling onto the road, particularly if you are hauling a flatbed load – creating a hazard for other motorists. Shifted cargo could lean or roll against the trailer doors, becoming a danger for the next person to open the trailer.
2. Failure to secure truck equipmentIt’s not just the cargo that needs to be secured. Equipment and loose articles need to be secured as well. Examples of equipment that must be secured against movement include: - Doors - Tarpaulins - Spare tires - Shovels - Winches - Webbing - Dollies
3. Damaged tie-downsAll securement devices must be in good working order. Be sure you regularly inspect blocks, load bars, load locks, tie-downs, or any other securement devices needed for the load to make sure they are working properly with no tears, breaks, or fraying.
4. Insufficient tie-downsThe working load limit (WLL) is the maximum load that a cargo securement device can handle. The WLL for a tie-down is the lowest WLL of any of its parts or the WLL of the anchor point, whichever is less. The WLL of all components used to block cargo must be at least 50% of the total weight of the cargo being secured. To correctly calculate the aggregate WLL, add together: - 50% of the WLL of each end section of a tie-down attached to an anchor point - 50% of the WLL of each end section that is attached to the cargo Unmarked securement devices are allowed, but will be considered according to the FMCSA guidelines for unmarked for unmarked tie downs. Each load must also have enough tie-downs for the length of the cargo. The requirement calls for one tie-down for every ten feet or part of ten feet, with a minimum of two tie-downs required for any cargo over five feet long or more than 1,100 pounds.
5. Loose tie-downsTie-downs need to be tightly secured to appropriate anchor points in such a way that they will not come loose during normal operation. Cargo be placed closely to another piece of cargo or bracing equipment with no gaps in between. Gaps can close, causing straps or chains to loosen. The driver should check the tie-downs after loading and regularly while in transit to be sure all tie-downs are staying tight and secure.
Load securement violations can negatively impact your company’s Vehicle Maintenance BASIC if not addressed. Read the FMCSA’s Driver Handbook on Cargo Securement to learn how to secure your load properly.