J.B. Hunt Reports Earnings For 2022 Fourth Quarter and Year Ended December 31, 2022
- Fourth Quarter 2022 Revenue: $3.65 billion; up 4%
- Fourth Quarter 2022 Operating Income: $281.9 million; down 13%
- Fourth Quarter 2022 EPS: $1.92 vs. $2.28; down 16%
- Full Year 2022 Revenue: $14.81 billion; up 22%
- Full Year 2022 Operating Income: $1.33 billion; up 27%
- Full Year 2022 EPS: $9.21 vs. $7.14; up 29%
LOWELL, Ark., January 18, 2022 - J.B. Hunt Transport Services, Inc. (NASDAQ: JBHT) announced fourth quarter 2022 U.S. GAAP (United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles) net income of $201.3 million, or diluted earnings per share of $1.92 versus fourth quarter 2021 net earnings of $242.2 million, or diluted earnings per share of $2.28.
Total operating revenue for the current quarter was $3.65 billion, compared with $3.50 billion for the fourth quarter 2021, an increase of 4%. Current quarter total operating revenue, excluding fuel surcharge revenue, decreased approximately 3% versus the comparable quarter 2021. This decrease was primarily driven by a 27% decline in volume in Integrated Capacity Solutions (ICS) and a 1% decline in volume in Intermodal (JBI). Revenue, excluding fuel surcharge revenue, performance was positively offset by a 14% increase in average revenue producing trucks and a 3% increase in fleet productivity (excluding fuel surcharge revenue) in Dedicated Contract Services® (DCS®), a 6% increase in revenue per load (excluding fuel surcharge revenue) in JBI, an increase in Final Mile Services® (FMS) revenue driven primarily by our recent acquisition, and a 6% increase in loads in Truckload (JBT) driven primarily by our J.B. Hunt 360box® service offering.
Total freight transactions in the Marketplace for J.B. Hunt 360 ̊® decreased 22% to $461 million in the fourth quarter 2022 compared to $593 million in the prior year quarter. ICS revenue on the platform decreased 29% to $308 million versus the year ago period. JBI executed approximately $33 million of third-party dray capacity on the platform, a decline of 31% year over year. JBT executed approximately $121 million of independent contractor and power-only capacity through the platform during the quarter, an increase of 7% versus the prior year period.
U.S. GAAP operating income for the current quarter totaled $281.9 million versus $322.5 million for the fourth quarter 2021. Current quarter operating income was negatively impacted by a $64 million pre-tax increase in casualty claim expense. Operating income performance was favorably impacted by customer rate and cost recovery efforts in JBI, DCS and FMS and an increase in revenue producing trucks and productivity in DCS. These items were partially offset by a decrease in volume in ICS and JBI; higher investments to attract and retain professional drivers, office personnel, and maintenance technicians; increases in equipment-related and maintenance expense, and higher insurance and safety costs.
Net interest expense in the current quarter increased primarily from higher interest rates from fourth quarter 2021. The fourth quarter effective tax rates for 2022 and 2021 were 25.7% and 22.6%, respectively. The annual effective tax rates for 2022 and 2021 were 24.4% and 23.9%, respectively. We expect our 2023 annual tax rate to be between 24.0% and 25.0%.
- Fourth Quarter 2022 Segment Revenue: $1.75 billion; up 11%
- Fourth Quarter 2022 Operating Income: $179.5 million; down 8%
Intermodal volume decreased 1% over the same period in 2021. Eastern network loads increased 8%, while transcontinental loads decreased 7% compared to the fourth quarter 2021. Demand for intermodal capacity was seasonally weak in the fourth quarter, while rail velocity and performance made further progress. Customer activity related to the detention of equipment also improved sequentially but continued to impact dray and network efficiencies. Revenue increased 11% for the quarter versus the prior year, driven by a 12% increase in revenue per load resulting from changes in mix of freight, customer rates, and fuel surcharge revenue. Revenue per load excluding fuel surcharge revenue was up 6% year over year.
Operating income decreased 8% in the fourth quarter primarily from lower volume; higher investments to attract and retain professional drivers, office personnel, and maintenance technicians; and higher insurance costs. These items were only partially offset by higher customer rates and cost recovery efforts compared to the prior year period. JBI incurred approximately $21.8 million of the incremental pre-tax casualty insurance expense. During the period we successfully onboarded 2,000 new units of container capacity. The current period ended with approximately 115,000 units of trailing capacity and approximately 6,700 power units in the dray fleet.
Dedicated Contact Services (DCS)
- Fourth Quarter 2022 Segment Revenue: $880 million; up 24%
- Fourth Quarter 2022 Operating Income: $75.8 million; up 4%
Demand for our highly engineered private-fleet outsourcing solution remained strong during the quarter. DCS revenue increased 24% year over year, primarily from a 14% increase in average revenue producing trucks and a 9% increase in productivity (revenue per truck per week) versus the same period 2021. Productivity excluding fuel surcharge revenue increased 3% from a year ago driven by increases in contracted indexed-based price escalators and stronger utilization of equipment. A net additional 1,210 revenue producing trucks were in the fleet by the end of the quarter compared to the prior year period, and a net reduction of 187 versus the end of the third quarter 2022. Customer retention rates remain above 98%.
Operating income increased 4% from the prior year quarter, primarily from new business onboarded over the past trailing twelve months, combined with greater productivity and utilization of equipment. These items were partially offset by higher equipment-related and maintenance expenses, higher safety costs, higher investments to attract and retain professional drivers, office personnel, and maintenance technicians, and other costs related to the implementation of new, long-term contractual business. The DCS segment incurred approximately $18.7 million of the incremental pre-tax casualty insurance expense.
Integrated Capacity Solutions (ICS)
- Fourth Quarter 2022 Segment Revenue: $496 million; down 33%
- Fourth Quarter 2022 Operating Loss: $(2.9) million; compared to $21.2 million income in 4Q’21
ICS revenue decreased 33% in the current quarter over the same period 2021. Overall segment volume decreased 27%, while truckload volume decreased 21% compared to the prior year period. Revenue per load decreased 9% compared to the fourth quarter 2021 due to changes in customer freight mix and lower contractual and transactional rates in our truckload business. Contractual volume represented approximately 62% of the total load volume and 61% of the total revenue in the current quarter compared to 54% and 43%, respectively, in fourth quarter 2021. Of the total reported ICS revenue, approximately $308 million was executed through the Marketplace for J.B. Hunt 360 compared to $431 million in fourth quarter 2021.
Operating income decreased by $24 million compared to the fourth quarter 2021 primarily from lower gross profit, increased insurance and claims expense and higher technology costs over the same period 2021. Gross profit declined 14% on lower revenue compared to prior year period while gross profit margin increased to 15.6% in the current period versus 12.2% in the prior period. ICS carrier base increased 15% year over year. The ICS segment incurred approximately $15.1 million of the incremental pre-tax casualty insurance expense in the quarter.
- Fourth Quarter 2022 Segment Revenue: $276 million; up 6%
- Fourth Quarter 2022 Operating Income: $16.9 million; down 35%
JBT revenue increased 6% compared to the same period in the previous year. Revenue excluding fuel surcharge revenue decreased 2% due to an 8% decline in revenue per load excluding fuel surcharge revenue partially offset by a 6% increase in load volume. Total average trailer count increased by approximately 3,900 units, or 37% versus the prior year period. Trailer turns in the quarter were down 21% from the prior period primarily due to freight mix and fewer load opportunities as a result of a softer freight market.
JBT operating income decreased 35% to $16.9 million versus the fourth quarter 2021. JBT continues to leverage the J.B. Hunt 360 platform to grow power capacity and capability for the J.B. Hunt 360box® service offering. Benefits from higher volume and revenue were more than offset by higher truck purchased transportation expense, trailer parts and maintenance costs, personnel costs, insurance and claims expense and continued technology investments to build out 360box. The JBT segment incurred approximately $5.1 million of the incremental pre-tax casualty insurance expense in the quarter.
Final Mile Services (FMS)
- Fourth Quarter 2022 Segment Revenue: $255 million; up 15%
- Fourth Quarter 2022 Operating Income: $12.6 million; up 70%
FMS revenue increased 15% compared to the same period 2021, primarily driven by the previously announced acquisition of Zenith Freight Lines, LLC (Zenith) and multiple new customer contracts implemented over the past trailing twelve months. Revenue growth continues to be partially offset by internal efforts to improve revenue quality of the business. Excluding the Zenith acquisition, which contributed approximately $26 million to segment revenue in the current quarter, FMS revenue increased 3% year over year.
Operating income increased 70% from the prior year period, primarily driven by an improvement in revenue quality which was partially offset by higher equipment-related and maintenance costs and increased insurance and claims expense. Additionally, investments in new system technology development and implementation costs for newly awarded business partially offset the improvement in revenue quality. The FMS segment incurred approximately $3.3 million of the incremental pre-tax casualty insurance expense in the quarter, and the prior year period included a $5.7 million benefit from the reduction of a contingent liability.
Cash Flow and Capitialization:
At December 31, 2022, we had total debt outstanding of $1.3 billion on various debt instruments which is comparable to the total debt levels at December 31, 2021, and versus $1.2 billion at September 30, 2022.
Our net capital expenditures for 2022 approximated $1.4 billion vs. $877 million in 2021. At December 31, 2022, we had cash and cash equivalents of $52 million.
We had no purchases of our stock during the fourth quarter 2022. At December 31, 2022, we had approximately $551 million remaining under our share repurchase authorization. Actual shares outstanding at December 31, 2022, approximated 103.7 million.
Conference Call Information:
The company will hold a conference call today from 8:00–9:00 a.m. CST to discuss the quarterly earnings. Investors will have the opportunity to listen to the conference call live over the internet by going to investor.jbhunt.com. Please log on 15 minutes early to register, download and install any necessary audio software. For those who cannot listen to the live broadcast, an online replay of the earnings call webcast will be available a few hours after the completion of the call.
This press release may contain forward-looking statements, which are based on information currently available. Actual results may differ materially from those currently anticipated due to a number of factors, including, but not limited to, those discussed in Item 1A of our Annual Report filed on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021. We assume no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to the extent we become aware that it will not be achieved for any reason.
About J.B. Hunt
J.B. Hunt Transport Services, Inc., a Fortune 500 and S&P 500 company, provides innovative supply chain solutions for a variety of customers throughout North America. Utilizing an integrated, multimodal approach, the company applies technology driven methods to create the best solution for each customer, adding efficiency, flexibility, and value to their operations. J.B. Hunt services include intermodal, dedicated, refrigerated, truckload, less-than- truckload, flatbed, single source, last mile, and more. J.B. Hunt Transport Services, Inc. stock trades on NASDAQ under the ticker symbol JBHT and is a component of the Dow Jones Transportation Average. J.B. Hunt Transport, Inc. is a wholly owned subsidiary of JBHT.